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Context of '1954: Guatemalan Leader Removed by CIA Operation'

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CIA covert Operation PB Success successfully removes Guatemalan leader Arbenz from power. (Gleijeses 1992; Central Intelligence Agency 1994; Doyle and Kornbluh 1997; Hunt 10/1997; Woodward 1999; Woodward 1999; Schlesinger and Kinzer 1999) The CIA director at this time, Allen Dulles, was formerly the president of the United Fruit Fruit Company (UFCO) and the previous CIA director and under-secretary of state, General Walter Bedell Smith, is on the company’s board of directors. Smith will become UFCO’s president following the overthrow. (Blum 1995) Allen Dulles’ brother, John Dulles, who is Secretary of State, previously worked as a lawyer defending the United Fruit Company. (Ginsberg 1996; CNN 2/21/1999)

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and his brother, CIA Director Allen Dulles, each visit Cambodian King Norodom Sihanouk and attempt to persuade him to place Cambodia under the protection of the South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO), an alliance formed the year before by representatives of Australia, France, Britain, New Zealand, Pakistan, the Philippines, Thailand, and the United States to prevent the spread of Communism in Southeast Asia. Sihanouk kindly declines the offer preferring to adopt a neutral stance in the conflict between his neighbors and the US. (Blum 1995)

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