!! History Commons Alert, Exciting News

Context of 'October 20, 1999: Indonesia Approves Independence for East Timor'

This is a scalable context timeline. It contains events related to the event October 20, 1999: Indonesia Approves Independence for East Timor. You can narrow or broaden the context of this timeline by adjusting the zoom level. The lower the scale, the more relevant the items on average will be, while the higher the scale, the less relevant the items, on average, will be.

East Timorese head for the polls and vote overwhelmingly (78.5 percent) for independence. Turnout is estimated at 99 percent, despite there having been intense intimidation from Indonesian troops to discourage voting. Angered by the vote, the Indonesian military-backed, anti-independence militias launch a terror campaign across East Timor, creating approximately 200,000 to 300,000 refugees. The UN evacuates, leaving the East Timorese at the mercy of the Indonesian forces. [John Pilger, 1994; BBC, 9/4/1999; BBC, 11/5/1999; BBC, 11/26/2005]

Timeline Tags: US-Indonesia-East Timor (1965-2002)

The Indonesian legislature ratifies the East Timorese referendum vote (see August 1999), allowing East Timor to officially become an independent nation. [John Pilger, 1994; BBC, 10/20/1999]

Timeline Tags: US-Indonesia-East Timor (1965-2002)

May 19, 2002: East Timor Wins Independence

East Timor officially becomes an independent state. [BBC, 5/19/2002; BBC, 11/26/2005]

Timeline Tags: US-Indonesia-East Timor (1965-2002)

Ordering 

Time period


Email Updates

Receive weekly email updates summarizing what contributors have added to the History Commons database

 
Donate

Developing and maintaining this site is very labor intensive. If you find it useful, please give us a hand and donate what you can.
Donate Now

Volunteer

If you would like to help us with this effort, please contact us. We need help with programming (Java, JDO, mysql, and xml), design, networking, and publicity. If you want to contribute information to this site, click the register link at the top of the page, and start contributing.
Contact Us

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, the textual content of each timeline is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike