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Neoconservative Think Tank Influence on US Policies

Balkans

Project: Neoconservative Influences on US Policies
Open-Content project managed by mtuck

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The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace publishes “Self-Determination in the New World Order” by Morton H. Halperin (head of State Department policy planning under Madeleine Albright) and David Scheffer (Albright’s special envoy for war crimes issues). The book proposes a set of criteria for the US to use in responding to the independence and separatist movements that have arisen since the break-up of the Soviet Union. The authors argue that in certain circumstances, such as when civil unrest threatens to create a humanitarian crisis, “American interests and ideals” compel the US to assume “a more active role.” Interventions “will become increasingly unavoidable,” the authors write. Foreshadowing the unabashed unilateralist foreign policy adopted by the Bush administration after the September 11 attacks, they write that “the United States should seek to build a consensus within regional and international organizations for its position, but should not sacrifice its own judgment and principles if such a consensus fails to materialize.” [Review of International Affairs, 4/2000]

Entity Tags: David Scheffer, Morton H. Halperin, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Madeleine Albright

Category Tags: Overall US Foreign Policy, Balkans

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace publishes “Changing Our Ways’s Role in the New World.” The book is the final report of a commission that was asked to recommend a new post-Cold War foreign policy framework (see 1991-1997). The report calls for “a new principle of international relations” asserting that “the destruction or displacement of groups of people within states can justify international intervention.” It advises the US to “realign” NATO and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) to deal with these new security problems in Europe. [American Spectator, 6/1999]

Entity Tags: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Category Tags: Balkans, Overall US Foreign Policy

Leading neoconservative Albert Wohlstetter writes an influential article in the New Republic illustrating the Serbs’ vulnerability to attack in Brcko, describing it as “the crucial bottleneck in the Posavina corridor.” [Bosnia Report, 2/1997]

Entity Tags: Albert Wohlstetter

Category Tags: Balkans, Albert Wohlstetter

After six years as the Carnegie Endowment’s president, Morton Abramowitz moves on to the Council on Foreign Relations. [American Spectator, 6/1999]

Entity Tags: Morton I. Abramowitz

Category Tags: Balkans

Bosnia has so far raised only $200 million for its defense program budget. Half of that amount exists in the form of refurbished US military equipment given to the Bosnians. The other half has been donated by Muslim countries for training and additional weapons systems. Military Professional Resources Inc. (MPRI) of Alexandria, Va. is providing the first year’s training at a cost of $40 million. Richard Perle complains to the APF Reporter that the Clinton administration’s “equip-and-train” program in Bosnia is “too feeble an effort,” and questions the administration’s sincerity. In 1996, the Institute for Defense Analyses estimated that Bosnia would need about $700 million to meet the first stages of its defense program. [APF Reporter, 1997]

Entity Tags: Richard Perle

Category Tags: Richard Perle, Balkans

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